Monday, September 9, 2013

Seneca Indians Sell 400 Boys, Girls and Infant Scalps To the British

Seneca Indians Sell 400 Boys, Girls and Infant Scalps To the British During the Revolutionary War

The British purchased 1000's of women, men, children and infant scalps from Native Americans during the American Revolution.

"Some Delawares are this day arrived who are desirous of showing their intention of joining their brethren [in warring against the Americans] and have presented me with two pieces of dried meat [scalps], one of   which I have given the Chippeways, another to the Miami, that they may show in their villages the                disposition of the Delawares." wrote Hamilton to Haldimand
June 18, 1778. They called Hamilton "the scalp buyer." Whether or not this title was merited may be Judged from the of an Intercepted message directed to Hamilton by one of his officers operating along the Ohio river: "I hereby send To your excellency.
George Rogers Clacy under the care of James Hoyd, eight packages of scalps, cured, dried, hooped and painted with all the triumphal marks, and of which consignment this is an invoice and explanation: Package No. 1. 43 scalps of Congress soldiers, inside painted red with a small black dot to show they were killed by bullets; those painted brown and marked with a hoe denote that the soldiers were killed while at their farms; those marked with a black ring denote that the persons were surprised by night; those marked with a black hatchet denote that the persons were killed with a tomahawk. Package No. 2, 98 farmers' scalps; a white circle denotes that they were surprised In the daytime; those with a red foot denote that the men stood their ground and fought in defense of their wives and families. Package No. 3, 97 farmers' scalps; the green hoops denote that they were killed in the fields. Package No. 4, 102 farmers' scalps; eighteen are marked with a yellow flame to show that they died by torture; the one with the black band attached belonged to a clergyman. No. 5. 88 scalps of women; those with the braided hair were mothers. No. 6, 193 boys' scalps. No. 7. 211 girls scalps. No. 8, 122 scalps of all sorts; among them are twenty-nine Infant scalps, and those marked with the small white hooks denote that the child was unborn at the time the mother was killed. The chief of the Senecas sends this message: 'Father, we send you here these many scalps that you may see that we are not idle friends. We want you to send these scalps to the Great King that he may regard them and be refreshed.' " (This letter was carried to France by Benjamin Franklin and presented as a part of his appeal to France to help America in her protest against the British attacks on non-combatants.)